Government

Rhode Island State house Wednesday, March 31, 2021

Wednesday, March 31, 2021 3pm House Committee on Education SCHEDULED FOR CONSIDERATION H5073 by McNamara ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – SECURING THE FINANCIAL FUTURE FOR ALL STUDENTS ACT {LC185/1} (Provides that the council on elementary and secondary education be encouraged to maintain, publish and update statewide standards for instruction of personal finance in public high schools.) SCHEDULED FOR
Photo for Rhode Island State house Wednesday, March 31, 2021

Published on March 31, 2021
By Uprise RI

Wednesday, March 31, 2021

3pm House Committee on Education

SCHEDULED FOR CONSIDERATION

  • H5073 by McNamara ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – SECURING THE FINANCIAL FUTURE FOR ALL STUDENTS ACT {LC185/1} (Provides that the council on elementary and secondary education be encouraged to maintain, publish and update statewide standards for instruction of personal finance in public high schools.)

SCHEDULED FOR HEARING AND/OR CONSIDERATION

  • H5837 by Morales, Amore, Alzate, Ranglin-Vassell, Giraldo, Caldwell, Felix ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – BILITERACY SEAL {LC1521/1} (Allows high school students receiving state Silver/Gold Seal of Biliteracy to earn 2 to 4 semesters of college credit toward minor/major in language at public university/community college if requested within 3 yrs. after high school graduation.)
  • H5838 by Morales, Amore, Ranglin-Vassell, Alzate, Giraldo, Felix ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION {LC1802/1} (Establishes concurrent enrollment courses for students enrolled in accelerated world language courses thereby allowing the students to earn credits towards a degree at a state university while contemporaneously earning credits towards high school diploma.)
  • H5840 by Quattrocchi, Place, Filippi, Nardone, Price ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DYSLEXIA AND RELATED DISORDERS {LC1085/1} (Provides that if a school district established an Orton-Gillingham certified school, the program would be available to all students statewide who qualify.)
  • H5841 by Place, Quattrocchi, Chippendale, Nardone ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – CHARTER SCHOOLS {LC1772/1} (Allows charter schools to engage in nontraditional approaches to learning which must be approved by the department of education.)
  • H6022 by Fogarty, Amore, Tanzi, Shallcross Smith, Ranglin-Vassell, McEntee, Messier, McGaw ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – COUNCIL ON ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION {LC202/1} (Requires the council on elementary and secondary education to adopt standards which take into consideration the time and cost of transporting students across municipal boundaries and promotes maximum efficiency in other programs.)
  • H6023 by Noret, Casimiro, Vella-Wilkinson, Solomon ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – HEALTH AND SAFETY OF PUPILS {LC1904/1} (Creates Rhode Island School Security Committee for school security.)
  • H6069 by Williams, Alzate, Noret, Morales, Henries, Biah, Slater, Casey, Edwards, Hull ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION (SEE TITLE 16 CHAPTER 97-THE RHODE ISLAND BOARD OF EDUCATION ACT) {LC2324/1} (Apprenticeship commission established.)
  • H6070 by Morgan, Nardone, Roberts ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – CURRICULUM {LC1895/1} (Prohibits teaching of divisive concepts, mandates any contract, grant or training entered into by state or municipality include provisions prohibiting divisive concepts and prohibit making individual feel distress on account of their race or sex.)
  • H5197 by Corvese, O’Brien, Azzinaro, Noret, Casimiro ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – CERTIFIED NURSE-TEACHER {LC978/1} (Requires that only certified nurses-teachers may be employed as school nurses in elementary and secondary schools.)

3pm House Committee on Finance

SCHEDULED FOR HEARING AND/OR CONSIDERATION

  • H5062 by McNamara ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – THE RHODE ISLAND EARLY CHILDHOOD INNOVATION ACT {LC188/1} (Establishes the RI Early Childhood Innovation Act and authorizes department of human services to fund programs for at-risk kindergarten children of $1,000,000 annually.)
  • H5193 by O’Brien, Corvese, Ajello, Biah, Kislak, Amore ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – ESTABLISHMENT OF CHARTER SCHOOLS {LC691/1} (Limits to the creation of new district charter schools, independent charter schools, and mayoral academy’s. Mandates state to not appropriate funding for charter schools.)
  • H5208 by Serpa, O’Brien, Phillips, Lima ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – PAUL W. CROWLEY STUDENT INVESTMENT INITIATIVE {LC781/1} (Restructures professional development investment fund to assume duties of dissemination of curriculum materials/frameworks/assessments/development plans with annual allocation of $200 per student.)
  • H5211 by Casimiro, Donovan, McNamara, Amore, O’Brien ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION {LC1046/1} (Provides $2m to support comprehensive and effective afterschool, summer learning and workforce development programs for students in grades K-12.)
  • H5216 by O’Brien, Corvese, Kazarian, Williams, McNamara, Ajello, Casimiro, Amore ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – FUNDING OF CHARTER PUBLIC SCHOOLS (SEE TITLE 16 CHAPTER 97 – THE RHODE ISLAND BOARD OF EDUCATION ACT) {LC589/1} (Requires charter schools that disenroll or return a student to the sending prior to the end of an academic year, to return all public received by the charter school to educate that student for that academic year.)
  • H5239 by Diaz, Slater, Perez, Alzate, Felix, Biah, Ajello, Shallcross Smith, Tobon, Batista ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – THE WORLD LANGUAGE AND DUAL LANGUAGE IMMERSION ACT {LC942/1} (Establishes and require funding for a world language and dual language immersion program.)
  • H5317 by Quattrocchi, Place, Filippi, Chippendale ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – ARIANNA’S SPEECH FLUENCY ACT {LC1086/1} (Requires screening for dyslexia and related disorders for public school students in grades kindergarten through grade four (K-4) and would provide for instruction in cursive writing.)
  • H5350 by Amore, Alzate, Messier, Williams, Barros, Fogarty, Biah ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – ACCESS TO ADVANCED PLACEMENT COURSES FOR ALL STUDENTS ACT {LC208/1} (Updates Access to Advanced Placement Courses for All Students Act.)
  • H5367 by O’Brien, Corvese, McEntee, Craven, Costantino, Noret ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – THE EDUCATION EQUITY AND PROPERTY TAX RELIEF ACT {LC585/1} (Extends the reimbursement to a school district or municipality for the employment of newly hired school resource officers only.)
  • H5450 by Williams, Messier, Vella-Wilkinson, Slater, Felix, Alzate ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – THE DISTRESSED COMMUNITY CHILD ENRICHMENT PROGRAM {LC108/1} (Establishes distress community child enrichment program to provide grants for education in distresses communities apportioned 75% to STEAM programs/25% to academic/non-academic programs with funding from portion of fees paid for center approvals/renewals.)
  • H5668 by Fellela, Serpa, Messier, McNamara, Amore ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – TEACHER’S RETIREMENT {LC1466/1} (Allows teachers, state and municipal employees to retire upon the earlier of reaching age 60 with 30 years of service or the employee’s retirement eligibility date under present state statutes.)
  • H5679 by McEntee, Williams, Fogarty ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – TEACHERS’ RETIREMENT (SEE TITLE 16 CHAPTER 97-THE RHODE ISLAND BOARD OF EDUCATION ACT) {LC1785/1} (Replaces the suspension year COLA for all retired teachers, state employees and municipal with a fractional COLA award of 25%.)
  • H5699 by Williams, Alzate, Barros, Hull, Amore, Henries, Biah, Batista, Abney, Morales ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION {LC2113/1} (Establishes “Increasing Opportunities for Teachers of Color Act”.)
  • H6029 by Kazarian, O’Brien, Fogarty, Alzate, McEntee, Morales, Potter, Kislak, Henries ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – CATEGORICAL PROGRAMS, STATE FUNDED EXPENSES {LC1719/1} (Appropriates $2m for FY-2022 for school social workers.)
  • H6030 by Tanzi, McEntee, Fogarty, Speakman, Donovan, Cortvriend ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – HEALTH AND SAFETY OF PUPILS {LC1788/1} (Provides that the state would reimburse the school committees for the costs of providing student transportation services to public and private school pupils.)
  • H6031 by Fogarty, Amore, Tanzi, Shallcross Smith, Hull, McEntee, Messier, McGaw, Donovan ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – RESIDENCE OF CHILDREN FOR SCHOOL PURPOSES {LC199/1} (Requires the department of education and the DCYF to develop a procedure to ensure that the municipalities where group homes or other residential facilities are located are reimbursed for the educational expenses above the cost allocated.)
  • H6140 by Amore, Fogarty, O’Brien, Cortvriend, Kazarian, Henries, Cassar ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – RESIDENCE OF CHILDREN FOR SCHOOL PURPOSES {LC176/1} (Requires state to reimburse the city/town for any costs associated with transporting children placed in foster care by RI-licensed child-placing agency or RI governmental agency to an educational facility outside the regional transportation district.)

3pm Senate Committee on Education

SCHEDULED FOR HEARING AND/OR CONSIDERATION

  • S0033 by Goldin, DiMario ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – EDUCATION ACCOUTABILITY ACT {LC745/1} (Requires that the board of education incorporate additional questions into its annual assessment of schools and related surveys and provide annual reports to the house of representatives and the senate.)
  • S0208 by Seveney, Gallo, DiPalma, Pearson ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – CERTIFICATION OF TEACHERS – TRAINING AND EVALUATION – EVALUATION REQUIREMENTS {LC839/1} (Directs the council on elementary and secondary education to implement an assessment and evaluation system that applies to both teachers and administrators and is aligned with the state’s standards.)
  • S0287 by Gallo, Cano ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – ESTABLISHING A CLASS SIZE MAXIMUM FOR KINDERGARTEN THROUGH GRADE TWO (2) {LC1201/1} (Mandates public school classroom size be limited to twenty (20) students for kindergarten through grade two (2).)
  • S0455 by de la Cruz, Rogers, Paolino, Raptakis ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION {LC2248/1} (Establishes an education savings account program to assist and support the parents, guardians and caretakers of students with the materials, tutors, technology and other educational support for learning at-home or at any other remote-learning site.)
  • S0637 by Murray, Euer, Kallman, Cano ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO EDUCATION – PAUL W. CROWLEY STUDENT INVESTMENT INITIATIVE {LC1871/1} (Restructures professional development investment fund to assume duties of dissemination of curriculum materials/frameworks/assessments/development plans with annual allocation of $200 per student.)

3pm Senate Committee on Environment & Agriculture

SCHEDULED FOR CONSIDERATION

  • H5445 SUB A by Carson, Cortvriend, Blazejewski, Kazarian, Ruggiero, Donovan, Speakman, Knight, McEntee, Alzate ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO STATE AFFAIRS AND GOVERNMENT – 2021 ACT ON CLIMATE

SCHEDULED FOR HEARING AND/OR CONSIDERATION

  • S0035 by Pearson, Euer, Coyne, Anderson, Valverde, Archambault, Kallman, Bell, DiMario, Acosta ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO WATERS AND NAVIGATION – THE OCEAN STATE CLIMATE ADAPTATION FUND {LC414/1} (Establishes the Ocean State Climate Adaptation and Resilience Fund. Enables municipalities and the state to apply for grants to improve public safety and community climate resilience for coastal habitats, as well as river and stream floodplains.)
  • S0291 by Pearson ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY – RHODE ISLAND RESOURCE RECOVERY CORPORATION {LC825/1} (Provides that any operational surplus of the Rhode Island resource recovery corporation shall be automatically transferred, on an annual basis, to a restricted receipt account for the sole purpose of waste management infrastructure.)
  • S0702 by Miller ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY – PESTICIDE CONTROL {LC2528/1} (Restricts the use of Neonicotinoids within the state of Rhode Island by allowing the director to classify all neonicotinoids that are labeled for outdoor use limited use)
  • S0704 by Valverde, Euer, Anderson, DiMario, Miller ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY – REFUSE DISPOSAL {LC2508/1} (Requires certain businesses and educational facilities that produce at least fifty-two (52) tons of organic-waste yearly and are located within thirty (30) miles of an authorized composting facility to use authorized methods of recycling.)

5pm Senate Committee on Labor

SCHEDULED FOR HEARING AND/OR CONSIDERATION

  • S0613 by Ruggerio, McCaffrey, Goodwin, Ciccone, Lombardo, Lombardi, Pearson, Lawson, DiPalma ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS – REAL JOBS RHODE ISLAND ACT {LC2137/1} (Establishes the real jobs Rhode Island program in order to create an industry led system to advance the skills of the state’s workforce, grow the state’s economy and increase sustainable employment for middle class working families.)
  • S0322 by Gallo, Ciccone, Lawson ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO LABOR AND LABOR RELATIONS – EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN {LC1233/1} (Requires children who seek a special limited work permit to successfully complete a worker rights’ training program established and funded by the department of labor and training.)
  • S0432 by de la Cruz, Morgan, Raptakis ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO BUSINESSES AND PROFESSIONS – FREEDOM TO TRAVEL AND WORK ACT {LC261/1} (Establishes an occupational regulatory framework by authorizing the issuance of occupational licenses and government certifications by recognition for qualified worker applicants from other states.)
  • S0686 by Felag ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO BUSINESSES AND PROFESSIONS – ELECTRICIANS {LC2430/1} (Allows 288 hours of trade school training to qualify for the journeyperson “B” electrical exam. Increases the period of indentured apprenticeship with the department of labor and training and a licensed electrician master to 4 years.)
  • S0745 (University of Rhode Island) by Sosnowski ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO BUSINESSES AND PROFESSIONS – ELECTRICIANS {LC1735/1} (Creates Certificate PC for public institutions of higher learning to employ CB journey person electricians for minor electrical work on their premises.)

5pm Senate Committee on Special Legislation and Veterans Affairs

SCHEDULED FOR CONSIDERATION

  • S068 by Sosnowski, Algiere, Valverde ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY – HOLLEY LANDING {LC418/1} (Renames the landing in South Kingstown known as Wordens Pond Landing to Holley Landing.)
  • S0142 by Gallo, Ciccone, Pearson, Sosnowski ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES – REGULATION OF SALES {LC984/1} (Allows the sale of alcoholic beverages on New Year’s Day by retail Class A licensees.)
  • S0067 by Seveney, Sosnowski, Coyne, Archambault, Murray, McCaffrey, Bell, DiMario, Burke, Mack ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO STATE AFFAIRS AND GOVERNMENT – STATE EMBLEMS {LC381/1} (This act would designate “Northern Star Coral” as the official state coral.)

SCHEDULED FOR HEARING AND/OR CONSIDERATION

  • S0197 by Ciccone, Goodwin, Morgan, Gallo, Felag, Lawson, Coyne, McCaffrey ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO STATE AFFAIRS AND GOVERNMENT – VIDEO-LOTTERY GAMES, TABLE GAMES AND SPORTS WAGERING {LC1076/1} (Establishes player self-exclusion program with winnings collected from self-excluded players going to RICPG for research/education/prevention of teenage gambling addiction.)
  • S0274 by Picard ENTITLED, RESOLUTION TO APPROVE AND PUBLISH AND SUBMIT TO THE ELECTORS A PROPOSITION OF AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE (GOVERNOR AND LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR TO APPEAR JOINTLY ON THE BALLOT) {LC1074/1} (Submits constitutional amendments to voters that the governor and the lieutenant governor form a joint candidacy.)
  • S0275 by Felag, Seveney, Lombardo, Murray, Lombardi ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO BUSINESSES AND PROFESSIONS – MILITARY SPOUSE LICENSURE {LC1414/1} (Provides issuance of occupational licenses for military members and spouses stationed in Rhode Island.)
  • S0442 by Lombardo, Lombardi, Picard, Miller, Sosnowski, Murray, McCaffrey, Raptakis ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO MOTOR AND OTHER VEHICLES – THREE WHEEL VEHICLES {LC2026/1} (Provides that three-wheeled motorcycles be included under the licensing requirements of the department of motor vehicles.)
  • S0552 by DiMario, Seveney, DiPalma, Euer, Sosnowski, Murray, Cano, Lawson, Valverde, Archambault ENTITLED, AN ACT FOOD AND DRUGS – SANITATION IN FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS – HOME FOOD MANUFACTURE ACT {LC1545/1} (Amends the current law that allows farmers to sell produce directly to consumers by directing the department of health to permit home food manufacture and sales direct to consumers.)

6pm House Committee on Judiciary

SCHEDULED FOR CONSIDERATION

  • H5568 by Lima, McLaughlin, McNamara ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO TOWNS AND CITIES – SUBDIVISION OF LAND – ZONING ORDINANCES {LC1712/1} (Provides planning board approval votes require majority of members present at time of vote/quorum of zoning review board would authorize voting members including alternatives.)

SCHEDULED FOR HEARING AND/OR CONSIDERATION

  • H5095 by Williams, Biah, Henries, Ranglin-Vassell, Ajello ENTITLED, HOUSE RESOLUTION RESPECTFULLY REQUESTING THAT GOVERNOR RAIMONDO ISSUE AN EXECUTIVE ORDER IMPOSING A MORATORIUM ON EVICTIONS DUE TO THE NOVEL CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19), WHILE AT THE SAME TIME EXPLORING WAYS TO PROTECT LANDLORDS
  • H5309 by Diaz, Slater, Perez, Giraldo, Felix, Fellela, Tobon, Kazarian, Batista ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO PROPERTY – RESIDENTIAL LANDLORD AND TENANT ACT {LC959/1} (Imposes a moratorium on non-essential evictions/mortgage foreclosures during a state of emergency declared by the governor relating to residential property and establishes an eviction diversion program to resolve landlord-tenant eviction disputes.)
  • H5630 by Perez ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO HUMAN SERVICES – AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENT SOCIAL PROTECTION ACT {LC558/1} (Creates an accident compensation fund to provide payments and benefits to those injured by uninsured motorists, to be administered by the department of human services.)
  • H5886 by Place, Quattrocchi, Chippendale, Noret ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO TOWNS AND CITIES – ZONING ORDINANCES {LC1773/1} (Allows the certified operator of a home based business, as long as it meets the criteria for a home office income tax deduction and uses at least 10% of the premises for parking.)
  • H5974 (Judiciary) by Knight, Newberry, Batista, Corvese, McEntee ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO COURTS AND CIVIL PROCEDURE – COURTS – COURT ADMINISTRATION {LC2186/1} (Invests the chief justice of the supreme court with the explicit authority to address issues affecting the conduct of judicial business and order whatever response(s) he or she deems necessary.)
  • H5975 (Judiciary) by Batista ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO CRIMINAL OFFENSES – LAW PRACTICE {LC2191/1} (Provide that the rules of the unauthorized practice of law committee would be approved and promulgated by the supreme court.)
  • H5976 (Judiciary) by Noret ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO MOTOR AND OTHER VEHICLES – MISCELLANEOUS RULES {LC2184/1} (Provides that the permissive use of a wireless communication device for the purpose of navigation of a motor vehicle shall only be applicable in cases where the device is mounted or otherwise affixed to the vehicle and not held in the motorist’s hand.)
  • H5980 (Judiciary) by Shanley, Barros ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO MOTOR AND OTHER VEHICLES – MISCELLANEOUS RULES {LC2197/1} (Sunsets the provision which allows first-time violators to avoid the fine by presenting proof of acquisition of a hands-free device prior to the imposition of the fine effective September 1, 2021.)
  • H5981 by Cortvriend, Craven, McGaw, Fogarty, Carson ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO MOTOR AND OTHER VEHICLES – AUTOMATED TRAFFIC SPEED ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM {LC678/1} (Authorizes the use of automated traffic-speed camera-enforcement systems on all state and local roads within the state, not just in school zones)
  • H5984 (Secretary of State) by Shallcross Smith ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO CORPORATIONS, ASSOCIATIONS AND PARTNERSHIPS – RHODE ISLAND BUSINESS CORPORATION ACT {LC2128/1} (Requires that annual reports of domestic and foreign business corporations, nonprofit corporations, and limited liability companies be filed with the secretary of state between February 1 and May 1 of each year.)
  • H6048 (Judiciary) by Phillips ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO COURTS AND CIVIL PROCEDURE – TRAFFIC TRIBUNAL {LC2194/1} (Vests the traffic tribunal with jurisdiction over the adjudication of alleged violations of the harassment of hunters, trappers and fishers law.)
  • H6080 (Judiciary) by Casimiro, Shanley, Noret, Hawkins ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO COURTS AND CIVIL PROCEDURE – COURTS – FAMILY COURT {LC2198/1} (Only protective orders issued against adults are to be transmitted to A.G.’s B.C.I. for inclusion in the R.O.N.C.O. system. Protective orders against juveniles will be accessible to law enforcement.)
  • H6081 (Judiciary) by Casimiro, Shanley, Hawkins, Noret ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO COURTS AND CIVIL PROCEDURE – COURTS {LC2192/1} (Removes references to minors in certain sections relative to domestic assault protective orders as the family court currently has jurisdiction over protective orders involving minors.)
  • H6087 by Fellela, Noret, McLaughlin ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO PROPERTY – RESIDENTIAL LANDLORD AND TENANT ACT {LC2282/1} (Modifies the summons for reasons other than nonpayment of rent to add a certificate of service section and provides for posting of summons and complaint on tenant’s dwelling door. Effective January 1, 2022.)
  • H6088 by Lima, Casey ENTITLED, AN ACT RELATING TO INSURANCE – MOTOR VEHICLE INSURANCE {LC1991/1} (Requires notice of the reservation of right to a jury trial in an arbitration proceeding be sent by email, delivery receipt requested with certified mail return receipt requested available if party does not have email.)

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